ESPOSITO, MIKE
 Source (some data)
  MIKE ESPOSITO via Jim Amash 10/03
 Name and vital stats
  ESPOSITO, MICHAEL [1927- ] (artist; publisher)
 Pen names
  JOE GAUDIOSO; MICHAEL DEE; MICKEY DEMEO; ESPOIA (with Frank Giacoia); M. HANDS (with others)
 Education
  Music and Arts High School; Cartoonists and Illustrators School
 Family in arts
  Relative: Raphael Esposito
 Additional biography
  Amazing World of DC Comics 1977
 Syndication
  AMAZING SPIDER-MAN [daily] (ink/) 1982-86/86-87/94-99 for Register And Tribune '82-85; Cowles '85-86; KFS '94-99-> 82 83 84 85 86 87 94 95 96 97 98 99
  APARTMENT 3-G (ink/) 1979 for Field Enterprises> 79
  INCREDIBLE HULK [daily] (ink/) 1981 for Register And Tribune Syndicate> 81
  INCREDIBLE HULK [Sunday] (ink/) 1981 for Register And Tribune Syndicate> 81
 Promotional comics
  ADVENTURES OF THE BIG BOY~ (ink/) for Big Boy Restaurants
  SPIDER-MAN (ink/) 1984 for the National Committee for Prevention of Child Abuse> 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND THE DALLAS COWBOYS (ink/) 1983 for Dallas Times Herald> 83
 Assisted
  Frank Giacoia [on inking] at MARVEL COMICS mid-1970s> 74 75 76
 J. C. COMICS
  MENTHOR (ink/) 1983 reprint> 83
 MARVEL U.K.
  CAPTAIN BRITAIN (ink/) 1977> 77
  Covers (ink/) and art corrections
 Note on comics career
  Shared a studio with Ross Andru, Jack Abel, Art Peddy and Bernie Sachslate-1950s> 57 58 59
 ARCHIE PUBLICATIONS
  ARCHIE (ink/) 1985-92> 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92
  BAYOU BILLY (ink/) 1989> 89
  BETTY (ink/) 1987-88> 87 88
  BETTY AND ME (ink/) 1981> 81
  BETTY'S DIARY (ink/) 1988-89> 88 89
  Covers (ink/) 1985-88> 85 86 87 88
  FOX, THE (ink/) 1985> 85
  KATY KEENE (ink/) c1985-c89> 85 86 87 88 89
  LIFE WITH ARCHIE (ink/) 1985> 85
  LITTLE AMBROSE (ink/) 1985/87> 85 87
  LITTLE ARCHIE (ink/) 1987-88> 87 88
  MIGHTY CRUSADERS, THE (ink/) 1985> 85
  ZEN (ink/) 1992> 92
 AVON COMICS
  Westerns (pen/ink/) c1953> 53
 BETTER PUBLICATIONS
  Crime (ink/) 1954-55> 54 55
  DATE WITH DANGER~ (ink/) 1952> 52
  EXCITING WAR~ (ink/) 1952> 52
  Horror (ink/) 1954-55> 54 55
  JET FIGHTERS~ (ink/) 1952> 52
  JOE YANK~ (ink/) 1952-53> 52 53
  LOST WORLDS~ (ink/) 1952> 52
  NEW ROMANCES~ (ink/) 1953> 53
  OUT OF THE SHADOWS~ (ink/) 1952> 52
  UNSEEN, THE~ (ink/) 1953> 53
 CHARLTON COMICS
  Covers (ink/) 1956> 56
 DC COMICS
  ADVENTURES OF BOB HOPE (ink/) 1967> 67
  ALL-AMERICAN MEN OF WAR~ (ink/) 1953-64> 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64
  ATOM (ink/) 1973> 73
  BATMAN (ink/) 1969-70> 69 70
  BATMAN AND ADAM STRANGE (ink/) 1970> 70
  BATMAN AND ATOM (ink/) 1968> 68
  BATMAN AND METAL MEN (ink/) 1967> 67
  BATMAN AND METAMORPHO (ink/) 1966> 66
  BATMAN AND PHANTOM STRANGER (ink/) 1970> 70
  BATMAN AND SPECTRE (ink/) 1967> 67
  BATMAN AND WILDCAT (ink/) 1970> 70
  CAPTAIN STORM~ (ink/) 1965-66> 65 66
  Covers (ink/) 1953-74/80> 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 80
  FALLING IN LOVE~ (ink/) 1972> 72
  FLASH (ink/) 1967-70> 67 68 69 70
  G.I. COMBAT~ (ink/) 1957-60/63-64> 57 58 59 60 63 64
  G.I. JOE (ink/) 1956-57> 56 57
  GIRLS' LOVE STORIES~ (ink/) 1969-72> 69 70 71 72
  GREATEST 1950s STORIES EVER TOLD, THE~ (ink/) 1990 graphic album with reprint of Wonder Woman> 90
  GUNNER AND SARGE (ink/) 1959-60/70> 59 60 70
  HAUNTED TANK (ink/) 1969> 69
  HEART THROBS~ (ink/) 1967-68> 67 68
  HOUSE OF SECRETS~ (ink/) 1970> 70
  INFERIOR FIVE (ink/) 1966-68> 66 67 68
  JIMMY OLSEN (ink/) 1972> 72
  JONNI THUNDER (ink/) 1985> 85
  JUDGE GALLOWS (ink/) 1969> 69
  KINGS OF THE WILD (ink/) 1956> 56
  LEGION OF SUPER-HEROES (ink/) 1969/71> 69 71
  LOIS LANE (ink/) 1967-71> 67 68 69 70 71
  LOSERS, THE (ink/) 1970-71/85> 70 71 85
  LOVE STORIES~ (ink/) 1972-73> 72 73
  MADEMOISELLE MARIE (ink/) 1960> 60
  MANIAKS (ink/) 1967> 67
  METAL MEN (ink/) 1962-68/73/77> 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 73 77
  METAMORPHO AND METAL MEN (ink/) 1966> 66
  MINUTE COMMANDOES, THE (ink/) 1959> 59
  MY GREATEST ADVENTURE~ (ink/) 1960> 60
  OUR ARMY AT WAR~ (ink/) 1953-65/71/72> 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 71 72
  OUR FIGHTING FORCES~ (ink/) 1954-67/71/72> 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 71 72
  REACH FOR HAPPINESS (ink/) 1967> 67
  RIP HUNTER, TIME MASTER (ink/) 1961-62> 61 62
  ROBIN (ink/) 1969-70> 69 70
  ROBIN HOOD (ink/) 1957-58> 57 58
  ROSE AND THE THORN (ink/) 1970-72> 70 71 72
  SEA DEVILS (ink/) 1960/63> 60 63
  SECRET HEARTS~ (ink/) 1969> 69
  SECRET ORIGIN: ROBIN (pen/) 1969> 69
  SECRET ORIGIN: WONDER WOMAN (ink/) 1959/98> 59 98
  SERGEANT ROCK (ink/) 1959> 59
  SHOWCASE~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  STAR SPANGLED WAR STORIES~ (ink/) 1953-59> 53 54 55 56 57 58 59
  SUICIDE SQUAD (ink/) 1959-62/64-66> 59 60 61 62 64 65 66
  SUPERBOY (ink/) 1968-70> 68 69 70
  SUPERMAN (ink/) 1968-70> 68 69 70
  SUPERMAN AND BATMAN & ROBIN (ink/) 1968-70> 68 69 70
  SWING WITH SCOOTER (ink/) 1966-67> 66 67
  TANK KILLER (ink/) 1958-59> 58 59
  TASK FORCE X: SUICIDE SQUAD (ink/) 1959/61> 59 61
  TNT TRIO (ink/) 1960-61> 60 61
  TRIGGER TWINS (ink/) 1955-57> 55 56 57
  UNEXPECTED, THE~ (ink/) 1969-70/72> 69 70 72
  WAR THAT TIME FORGOT WITH THE FLYING FRANKS (ink/) 1961> 61
  WAR THAT TIME FORGOT WITH THE SUICIDE SQUAD (ink/) 1963-64> 63 64
  WAR THAT TIME FORGOT, THE (ink/) 1960-65> 60 61 62 63 64 65
  WAR WORDS (ink/) 1958> 58
  WONDER GIRL (ink/) 1959-65> 59 60 61 62 63 64 65
  WONDER TOT (ink/) 1961> 61
  WONDER WOMAN (ink/) 1958-68> 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68
  WONDER WOMAN FAMILY (ink/) 1961> 61
  YOUNG LOVE~ (ink/) 1967> 67
 ECLIPSE ENTERPRISES
  SEDUCTION OF THE INNOCENT~ (ink/) 1986 reprint> 86
 FAWCETT COMICS
  Romance or westerns (ink/) c1950 reports Rinaldo Epworth> 50
 FOX COMICS
  Crime (pen/ink/) 1949> 49
  OUTLAW WOMEN~ (pen/ink/) 1949> 49
 HARWELL PUBLICATIONS
  DANGER~ (ink/) 1953-54> 53 54
  DEATH VALLEY~ (ink/) 1953> 53
  WEIRD TERROR~ (ink/) 1953-54> 53 54
 HILLMAN PERIODICALS
  Cars (ink/) 1952> 52
  Crime (ink/) 1951-53> 51 52 53
  Horror (ink/) 1951/53-55> 51 53 54 55
  Romance (ink/) 1952> 52
  War (ink/) 1952> 52
  Western (ink/) 1951> 51
 I.W. PUBLICATIONS
  Covers (ink/) 1958/63-64> 58 63 64
  Filler (ink/) 1964 reprint> 64
 KLEVART ENTERPRISES
  UP YOUR NOSE. . . AND OUT YOUR EAR~ (co-publ/i/) 1972> 72
 LEV GLEASON
  CRIME DOES NOT PAY~ (pen/ink/) 1950 on staff a few months> 50
  Filler (pen/ink/) 1950 on staff a few months> 50
  Romance (pen/ink/) 1950 on staff a few months> 50
 MAINLINE COMICS
  FOXHOLE~ (ink/) 1954> 54
 MAJOR MAGAZINES
  CRACKED~ (ink/) c1987> 87
 MARVEL COMICS
  ANNIE OAKLEY (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  ANT-MAN (ink/) 1972> 72
  APACHE KID (ink/) 1955> 55
  ARRGH!~ (ink/) 1970s reprints from GET LOST and UP YOUR NOSE> 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79
  ASTONISHING COMICS~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  AUNT MAY AND FRANKLIN RICHARDS (ink/) 1984 from Spider-man and Fantastic Four> 84
  AVENGERS (ink/) 1966/69/73-74/76/79-88> 66 69 73 74 76 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88
  Backup feature (ink/) 1956 in SAILOR SWEENEY> 56
  Backup feature (ink/) 1960 in KID COLT OUTLAW> 60
  Backup feature (ink/) 1960 in RAWHIDE KID> 60
  Backup feature (ink/) 1974 in DRACULA LIVES!> 74
  BATTLE~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  BATTLEFRONT~ (ink/) 1954/56> 54 56
  BATTLEGROUND~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  BEAST (ink/) 1973> 73
  BROTHERS LINK, THE (ink/) 1971> 71
  CAPTAIN AMERICA (ink/) 1975/78> 75 78
  CAPTAIN MARVEL (ink/) 1976> 76
  CHAMPIONS (ink/) 1975/77> 75 77
  CHUCK NORRIS (ink/) 1987> 87
  COMBAT KELLY (ink/) 1972> 72
  Covers (ink/) 1966-82> 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82
  COWBOY ACTION~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  DEFENDERS, THE (ink/) 1974-75/79-80/82> 74 75 79 80 82
  DR. DOOM (ink/) 1971> 71
  DR. STRANGE (ink/) 1973> 73
  FANTASTIC FOUR (ink/) 1975/80> 75 80
  Filler (wr/) 1974> 74
  FRANKENSTEIN (ink/) 1974> 74
  FRONTIER WESTERN~ (ink/) 1956-57> 56 57
  G.I. JOE (ink/) 1982/85> 82 85
  GABRIEL (ink/) 1974> 74
  GHOST RIDER (ink/) 1975/80-81> 75 80 81
  GIRL COMICS~ (pen/ink/) 1951> 51
  GUARDIANS OF THE GALAXY (ink/) 1969> 69
  GUNSMOKE WESTERN~ (ink/) 1955/60> 55 60
  HAUNT OF HORROR~ (ink/) 1974> 74
  HULK (ink/) 1965/71-72/77-80> 65 71 72 77 78 79 80
  HULK AND KA-ZAR (ink/) 1981> 81
  HULK, LUKE CAGE AND IRON FIST (ink/) 1980-81> 80 81
  HUMAN FLY (ink/) 1978> 78
  HUMAN TORCH (ink/) 1965> 65
  HUMAN TORCH AND HULK (ink/) 1974> 74
  HUMAN TORCH AND ICEMAN (ink/) 1974> 74
  INHUMANS (ink/) 1976> 76
  IRON MAN (ink/) 1965/69-71/73-74/77-78/82> 65 69 70 71 73 74 77 78 82
  JOURNEY INTO MYSTERY~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  JOURNEY INTO UNKNOWN WORLDS~ (ink/) 1955/57> 55 57
  JUSTICE COMICS~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  KA-ZAR (ink/) 1974/76> 74 76
  LUKE CAGE AND IRON FIST (ink/) 1981/86> 81 86
  LUKE CAGE AND SON OF SATAN (ink/) 1983> 83
  MARVEL TALES~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  MASTER OF KUNG FU (ink/) 1974-77> 74 75 76 77
  MEN'S ADVENTURES~ (pen/ink/) 1951> 51
  MOON KNIGHT (ink/) 1978> 78
  MYSTERY TALES~ (ink/) 1955-57> 55 56 57
  MYSTIC~ (ink/) 1953/56> 53 56
  NAVY ACTION~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  NICK FURY (ink/) 1966> 66
  NIGHT RIDER (ink/) 1980> 80
  NOT BRAND ECCH~ (ink/) 1967> 67
  NOVA (ink/) 1979> 79
  OMEGA THE UNKNOWN (ink/) 1977> 77
  PECOS KID (ink/) 1960s> 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69
  PLANET OF THE APES (ink/) 1974-75> 74 75
  QUICK-TRIGGER WESTERN~ (ink/) 1957> 57
  RICK DAVIS (ink/) 1955> 55
  ROCK MURDOCK (ink/) 1955-57> 55 56 57
  ROM (ink/) 1982> 82
  SAILOR SWEENEY (ink/) 1956> 56
  SANDMAN (ink/) 1990> 90
  SECRET WARS (ink/) 1984> 84
  SECTAURS, THE (ink/) 1986> 86
  SERGEANT FURY (ink/) 1972> 72
  SKULL THE SLAYER (ink/) 1976> 76
  SON OF SATAN (ink/) 1974> 74
  SONS OF THE TIGER (ink/) 1975> 75
  SPIDER-MAN (ink/) 1966-68/70-84/87> 66 67 68 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 87
  SPIDER-MAN AND ANT-MAN (ink/) 1981> 81
  SPIDER-MAN AND BEAST (ink/) 1975/82> 75 82
  SPIDER-MAN AND BLACK PANTHER (ink/) 1974> 74
  SPIDER-MAN AND BLACK WIDOW (ink/) 1984> 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND CANNONBALL (ink/) 1985> 85
  SPIDER-MAN AND CAPTAIN AMERICA (ink/) 1976/81/83> 76 81 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND CAPTAIN MARVEL [2nd version] (ink/) 1984> 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND DAREDEVIL (ink/) 1982/84> 82 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND DAZZLER (ink/) 1981> 81
  SPIDER-MAN AND DEATHLOK (ink/) 1976> 76
  SPIDER-MAN AND DEVIL-SLAYER (ink/) 1981> 81
  SPIDER-MAN AND DOC SAMSON (ink/) 1981> 81
  SPIDER-MAN AND DOMINIC FORTUNE (ink/) 1982> 82
  SPIDER-MAN AND DR. DOOM (ink/) 1976> 76
  SPIDER-MAN AND DR. STRANGE (ink/) 1976> 76
  SPIDER-MAN AND FALCON (ink/) 1982> 82
  SPIDER-MAN AND FANTASTIC FOUR (ink/) 1983> 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND FROG-MAN (ink/) 1983> 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND GARGOYLE (ink/) 1982> 82
  SPIDER-MAN AND HULK (ink/) 1977> 77
  SPIDER-MAN AND HUMAN TORCH (ink/) 1972/75/82/84> 72 75 82 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND IRON MAN (ink/) 1976/81/84> 76 81 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND JACK OF HEARTS (ink/) 1983> 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND KILLRAVEN (ink/) 1976> 76
  SPIDER-MAN AND KING KULL (ink/) 1981> 81
  SPIDER-MAN AND KITTY PRYDE (ink/) 1983> 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND MACHINE MAN (ink/) 1980> 80
  SPIDER-MAN AND MAN-THING (ink/) 1982> 82
  SPIDER-MAN AND MOON KNIGHT (ink/) 1984> 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND MOONDRAGON (ink/) 1976> 76
  SPIDER-MAN AND MR. FANTASTIC (ink/) 1974/83> 74 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND NICK FURY (ink/) 1984> 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND NIGHTHAWK (ink/) 1981> 81
  SPIDER-MAN AND NOMAD (ink/) 1984> 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND PALADIN (ink/) 1981> 81
  SPIDER-MAN AND PROFESSOR X (ink/) 1982> 82
  SPIDER-MAN AND QUASAR (ink/) 1982> 82
  SPIDER-MAN AND SANDMAN (ink/) 1984> 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND SCARLET WITCH (ink/) 1976/83> 76 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND SHE-HULK (ink/) 1981> 81
  SPIDER-MAN AND SHROUD (ink/) 1980> 80
  SPIDER-MAN AND SONS OF THE TIGER (ink/) 1975> 75
  SPIDER-MAN AND STARFOX (ink/) 1984> 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND THING (ink/) 1973> 73
  SPIDER-MAN AND THOR (ink/) 1982/84> 82 84
  SPIDER-MAN AND TIGRA (ink/) 1983> 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND VALKYRIE (ink/) 1982> 82
  SPIDER-MAN AND VISION (ink/) 1972/76/83> 72 76 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND WATCHER (ink/) 1983> 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND WOLVERINE (ink/) 1982> 82
  SPIDER-MAN AND WONDER MAN (ink/) 1983> 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND X-MEN (ink/) 1976/85> 76 85
  SPIDER-MAN, MOON KNIGHT, LUKE CAGE, IRON FIST AND DAREDEVIL (ink/) 1981> 81
  SPIDER-WOMAN (ink/) 1979-80> 79 80
  SPIDEY SUPER STORIES (ink/) 1974-75> 74 75
  SPITFIRE [2nd version] (ink/) 1987> 87
  SPY THRILLERS~ (ink/) 1955> 55
  STRANGE TALES OF THE UNUSUAL~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  SUB-MARINER (ink/) 1969-72/80> 69 70 71 72 80
  TALES OF THE ZOMBIE~ (ink/) 1974> 74
  THING AND CAPTAIN MARVEL (ink/) 1978> 78
  THING AND DR. STRANGE (ink/) 1974> 74
  THING AND GHOST RIDER (ink/) 1975> 75
  THING AND HUMAN TORCH (ink/) 1965> 65
  THING AND SPIDER-MAN (ink/) 1976> 76
  THING AND VALKYRIE (ink/) 1975> 75
  THING, AVENGERS, HULK, DOC SAMSON, FANTASTIC FOUR, THOR, ALPHA FLIGHT AND X-MEN (ink/) 1982> 82
  THOR (ink/) 1974> 74
  TOWER OF SHADOWS~ (ink/) 1970> 70
  TRANSFORMERS, THE (ink/) 1985> 85
  TWO-GUN KID (ink/) 1966> 66
  TWO-GUN WESTERN~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  U.S. 1 (ink/) 1983> 83
  UNCANNY TALES~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  UNKNOWN WORLDS OF SCIENCE FICTION~ (ink/) 1975> 75
  Various features (ink/) 1949 over Ed Winiarski's pencils> 49
  WAR COMICS~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  WESTERN GUNFIGHTERS~ (ink/) 1956> 56
  WESTERN OUTLAWS~ (ink/) 1955-57> 55 56 57
  Westerns (pen/) 1949> 49
  WHAT IF AVENGERS . . . ? (ink/) 1982> 82
  WHAT IF CAPTAIN AMERICA . . . ? (ink/) 1981/83> 81 83
  WHAT IF HULK . . . ? (ink/) 1980> 80
  WHAT IF SHARON CARTER . . . ? (ink/) 1983> 83
  WHAT IF SPIDER-MAN . . . ? (ink/) 1980> 80
  WHAT IF SPIDER-WOMAN . . . ? (ink/) 1979> 79
  WHAT IF WOLVERINE . . . ? (ink/) 1982> 82
  WHAT IF YELLOWJACKET . . . ? (ink/) 1982> 82
  WILD WESTERN~ (ink/) 1955-56> 55 56
  WORLDS UNKNOWN~ (ink/) 1973> 73
  X-MEN (ink/) 1969/87> 69 87
 MIKEROSS COMICS
  3-D Comics (ink/) 1953-54> 53 54
  Covers (ink/) 1954 for HEART & SOUL> 54
  GET LOST~ (ink/) 1954> 54
  Support (co-publ/co-own/) 1953-54> 53 54
 PARENTS' MAGAZINE PRESS
  Crime (ink/) 1953> 53
 SIMON & SCHUSTER
  BEST OF SPIDEY~ (ink/) 1978 graphic album reprint> 78
 SKYWALD PUBLISHING COMPANY
  BRAVADOS, THE (ink/) 1971> 71
  BUTCH CASSIDY (ink/) 1971> 71
  BUTTERFLY (ink/) 1971> 71
  Covers (ink/) 1971> 71
  HEAP, THE (ink/) 1971> 71
  HELL-RIDER (ink/) 1971> 71
  NIGHTMARE~ (ink/) 1970-71> 70 71
  PSYCHO~ (ink/) 1972-73> 72 73
  WILD BUNCH (ink/) 1971> 71
 STANMOR
  Covers (ink/) 1951-52> 51 52
  MR. MYSTERY~ (ink/) 1951-52> 51 52
  MR. UNIVERSE (ink/) 1951> 51
  SCARCELY ABLE (ink/) 1951> 51
  Support (co-publ/) 1951 [Imprint: MR PUBLICATIONS] sold out to partner Harry Kantor> 51
 STAR PUBLICATIONS
  Western (pen/) 1954> 54
 STORY COMICS
  NUTS!~ (ink/) 1954> 54
  ROMANTIC HEARTS~ (ink/) 1954> 54
 TOBY PRESS
  One story about chess chararacters (pen/ink/) c1952> 52
 TOWER COMICS
  MENTHOR (ink/) 1965 with reprint '67> 65
 TROJAN COMICS
  CRIME MYSTERIES~ (pen/ink/) 1953> 53
 ZIFF-DAVIS COMICS
  FAMOUS STARS~ (ink/) 1951> 51
  G.I. JOE (ink/) 1951> 51
  Romance (ink/) 1951> 51
  Science fantasy (ink/) 1951> 51
  Western (ink/) 1951> 51
  WILD BOY (ink/) 1951> 51