GIACOIA, FRANK
 Source (some data)
  FRANK GIACOIA
 Name and vital stats
  GIACOIA, FRANK B. [1925-89] (artist)
 Biographical
  Birthplace: Italy; immigrated to U.S.A. '32
 Pen names
  FRANK RAY; GIACOIA; PHIL ZUPA; ESPOIA (with Mike Esposito)
 Education
  High School of Industrial Arts, New York City; Art Students League
 Influences
  Alex Raymond; Milt Caniff; Jack Kirby
  Mort Meskin; Alex Toth; Noel Sickles
 Member
  National Cartoonists Society
 Print Media (non-comics)
  Artist: 1959 Picture World Encyclopedia> 59
  Artist: Advertising
 Additional biography
  Comic Book Artist #6, Fall., 1999
  Comics Journal #127 Feb., 1989 [obituary]
 Syndication
  AMAZING SPIDER-MAN [daily] (ink/) 1980-81 for Register And Tribune Syndicate> 80 81
  AMAZING SPIDER-MAN [Sunday] (ink/) 1980-81 for Register And Tribune Syndicate> 80 81
  APARTMENT 3-G (bkgrd/pen/ink/) two months; see Alex Kotzky
  BIG BEN BOLT (ghost pen&ink/) two weeks for King Features Syndicate
  FLASH GORDON [daily] (ghost pen&ink/) 1956 two months for King Features Syndicate> 56
  FLASH GORDON [daily] (ghost pen&ink/) 1959-60 for King Features Syndicate> 59 60
  FLASH GORDON [daily] (ink/) 1968-69/86 for King Features Syndicate> 68 69 86
  FLASH GORDON [Sunday] (ghost pen&ink/) 1968 two weeks for King Features Syndicate> 68
  FLASH GORDON [Sunday] (ink/) 1969/86 for King Features Syndicate> 69 86
  FLASH GORDON [Sunday] (ink/some pen/) 1986-87 a few weeks for King Features Syndicate> 86 87
  INCREDIBLE HULK [daily] (ink/) 1979-80 for Register And Tribune Syndicate> 79 80
  INCREDIBLE HULK [Sunday] (ink/) 1979-80 for Register And Tribune Syndicate> 79 80
  JOHNNY REB AND BILLY YANK [Sunday] (pen/ink/) 1956-59 for New York Herald-Tribune> 56 57 58 59
  SHERLOCK HOLMES [daily] (ink/) 1954-55 for New York Herald-Tribune> 54 55
  SHERLOCK HOLMES [Sunday] (ink/) 1954-55 over Mike Sekowsky's pencils for New York Herald-Tribune> 54 55
  SPACE GHOST (ghost pen&ink/)
  THORNE MC BRIDE (pen/ink/) 1960-63> 60 61 62 63
 Assisted
  Gil Kane [with inks] on HIS NAME IS SAVAGE 1968> 68
  Joe Shuster [with finished art] at CHARTON mid-1950s> 54 55 56
 Comics Studio (Shop)
  CHESLER STUDIO (pen/ink/)
  IGER STUDIO (asst/) 1941 to Carl Hubbell> 41
 J. C. COMICS
  MENTHOR (ink/) 1983 reprint> 83
 MARVEL U.K.
  CAPTAIN BRITAIN (ink/) 1977> 77
  Covers (pen/ink/)
  DR. WHO (ink/) c1979-c85> 79 80 81 82 83 84 85
 ARCHIE PUBLICATIONS
  Covers (ink/) 1983-85> 83 84 85
  FOX, THE (ink/) 1985> 85
  MIGHTY CRUSADERS, THE (ink/) 1966/83/85> 66 83 85
  MR. JUSTICE (ink/) 1983> 83
  ORIGINAL SHIELD, THE (ink/) 1984> 84
  STEEL STERLING (ink/) 1966> 66
  THUNDERBUNNY (ink/) 1984> 84
  WEB, THE (ink/) 1966> 66
 AVON COMICS
  Horror (ink/) 1952> 52
 CHARLTON COMICS
  HOT ROD KING (pen/ink/) 1955> 55
  SOLDIER AND MARINE COMICS~ (pen/ink/) 1955> 55
  TALES OF THE MYSTERIOUS TRAVELER (pen/ink/) 1956> 56
 CORONET COMMUNICATIONS' PAPERBACK LIBRARY EDITION
  GREEN LANTERN AND GREEN ARROW~ (ink/) 1972 paperback collection> 72
 DC COMICS
  ADAM STRANGE (ink/) 1958> 58
  ALL-AMERICAN MEN OF WAR~ (ink/some pen/) 1952-55/57> 52 53 54 55 57
  ALL-STAR SQUADRON (ink/) 1984> 84
  AQUAMAN (ink/) 1969> 69
  ATOM [2nd version] (ink/) 1973> 73
  ATOM, THE (ink/) 1948> 48
  BATGIRL (ink/) 1970> 70
  BATMAN (ink/) 1970-71/73/76> 70 71 73 76
  BIG TOWN (ink/some pen/) 1951-52> 51 52
  BLACK CANARY (ink/) 1948> 48
  BLACKHAWK (ink/) 1983> 83
  BLACKHAWK DETACHED SERVICE DIARY (ink/) 1983-84> 83 84
  BOB KANIGHER'S GALLERY OF WAR (ink/) 1973> 73
  CHALLENGERS OF THE UNKNOWN (ink/) 1969-70/83> 69 70 83
  CHRIS KL-99 (ink/) 1951> 51
  Cover (ink/) 1992 for ESSENTIAL SHOWCASE: '56-59 graphic album reprint> 92
  Covers (ink/) 1947-67/74-83> 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83
  CREEPER, THE (ink/) 1983> 83
  DANGER TRAIL (ink/some pen/) 1972 from inventory> 72
  DIAL H FOR HERO (ink/) 1984> 84
  DR. PAT (ink/) 1951> 51
  ECLIPSO (ink/) 1978> 78
  FALLING IN LOVE~ (ink/some pen/) 1967-73> 67 68 69 70 71 72 73
  Filler (pen/) 1952> 52
  FLASH (ink/) 1947-48> 47 48
  FLASH [2nd version] (ink/) 1957-59/64/78/82> 57 58 59 64 78 82
  FOLEY OF THE FIGHTING 5th (ink/some pen/) 1949-52/57-58> 49 50 51 52 57 58
  G.I. COMBAT~ (ink/) 1973> 73
  GALLERY OF WAR (ink/) 1973> 73
  GANG BUSTERS (ink/) 1949> 49
  GHOST PATROL (ink/some pen/) 1947-48> 47 48
  GHOSTS~ (ink/) 1977> 77
  GIRLS' LOVE STORIES~ (ink/) 1950-70> 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
  GIRLS' ROMANCES~ (ink/) 1959> 59
  GREATEST 1950s STORIES EVER TOLD, THE~ (pen/ink/) 1990 graphic album with reprint of Flash; Phantom Stranger> 90
  GREATEST TEAM-UP STORIES EVER TOLD, THE~ (ink/) 1990 graphic album with reprint of Green Lantern and Green Arrow> 90
  GREEN ARROW (ink/) 1983> 83
  GREEN LANTERN (ink/) 1949> 49
  GREEN LANTERN [2nd version] (ink/) 1963/74> 63 74
  GREEN LANTERN AND GREEN ARROW (ink/) 1970> 70
  GREEN LANTERN AND GREEN ARROW~ (ink/) 1992 graphic album reprint> 92
  GREEN LANTERN CORPS (ink/) 1982> 82
  HEADLINE HEROINES (pen/ink/) 1950> 50
  HOUSE OF MYSTERY~ (ink/) 1971-72> 71 72
  HOUSE OF SECRETS~ (ink/) 1969-70> 69 70
  HUNTRESS (ink/) 1983> 83
  ISIS (ink/) 1976-77> 76 77
  JASON'S QUEST (ink/) 1970> 70
  JIMMY WAKELY (ink/) 1949-52> 49 50 51 52
  JOHNNY LAW (ink/some pen/) 1951-52> 51 52
  JOHNNY PERIL [aka JUST A STORY] (ink/some pen/) 1951-53> 51 52 53
  JOHNNY THUNDER [western] (ink/) 1949/54/58-59> 49 54 58 59
  JUDGE GALLOWS (ink/) 1972> 72
  JUSTICE LEAGUE OF AMERICA (ink/) 1966/82> 66 82
  JUSTICE SOCIETY OF AMERICA (ink/some pen/) 1948/50-51> 48 50 51
  KING FARADAY (ink/) 1951> 51
  KIT COLBY, GIRL SHERIFF (ink/some pen/) 1949-50> 49 50
  KNIGHTS OF THE GALAXY (ink/) 1951> 51
  LEGION OF SUPER-HEROES (ink/) 1983> 83
  LOIS LANE (ink/) 1983> 83
  MANHUNTER 2070 (ink/) 1970> 70
  MELBA MANTON (ink/) 1973> 73
  MINSTREL MAVERICK (ink/) 1949> 49
  MOLLY ADAMS (pen/) 1949-50> 49 50
  MR. AND MRS. SUPERMAN (ink/) 1978> 78
  MY GREATEST ADVENTURE~ (ink/some pen/) 1956> 56
  MYSTERY IN SPACE~ (ink/some pen/) 1951-54/56-57/59> 51 52 53 54 56 57 59
  NIGHTHAWK (ink/) 1958> 58
  OUR ARMY AT WAR~ (pen/ink/) 1952-54/70> 52 53 54 70
  OUR FIGHTING FORCES~ (ink/some pen/) 1955/57-58> 55 57 58
  OVERLAND COACH (ink/some pen/) 1948-50> 48 49 50
  PHANTOM STRANGER, THE (ink/some pen/) 1952-53> 52 53
  POW-WOW SMITH, INDIAN LAWMAN (ink/) 1950-51/57> 50 51 57
  PRIVATE LIFE OF CLARK KENT (ink/) 1974> 74
  REX THE WONDER DOG (ink/) 1952> 52
  ROBIN (ink/) 1971> 71
  RODEO RICK (ink/some pen/) 1957-58> 57 58
  ROMANCE TRAIL~ (pen/) 1949-50> 49 50
  ROMANCE, INC. (ink/) 1952> 52
  SECRET HEARTS~ (ink/) 1952/64-65/68-70> 52 64 65 68 69 70
  SIERRA SMITH (ink/some pen/) 1948/54> 48 54
  SINISTER HOUSE OF SECRET LOVE~ (ink/) 1972> 72
  STAR HAWKINS (ink/) 1960> 60
  STAR SPANGLED WAR STORIES~ (ink/some pen/) 1955> 55
  STRANGE ADVENTURES~ (ink/some pen/) 1952-53/57-59/63> 52 53 57 58 59 63
  STRONG BOW (ink/some pen/) 1951-53/58> 51 52 53 58
  SUPERBOY (ink/) 1982> 82
  SUPERGIRL (ink/) 1970/78> 70 78
  SUPERMAN (ink/) 1973-74> 73 74
  SUPERMAN AND BATMAN (ink/) 1973/83> 73 83
  TRACEY THOMPSON (ink/) 1971> 71
  TRIGGER TWINS (ink/) 1950s> 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59
  UNEXPECTED, THE~ (ink/) 1968-73/79> 68 69 70 71 72 73 79
  UNKNOWN SOLDIER~ (ink/) 1978> 78
  WEIRD WAR TALES~ (ink/) 1983> 83
  WHO'S WHO IN THE DC UNIVERSE (ink/) 1985 entries> 85
  WITCHING HOUR, THE~ (ink/) 1971> 71
  WONDER WOMAN (ink/) 1974/78> 74 78
  WYOMING KID (pen/ink/) 1957> 57
  YOUNG LOVE~ (ink/) 1964> 64
 DELL PUBLICATIONS
  HOTEL DE PAREE SUNDANCE (ink/) 1960> 60
  ON STAGE (ink/) 1962> 62
  SHERLOCK HOLMES (pen/ink/) 1961> 61
  TALES OF WELLS FARGO (ink/) 1958> 58
 EASTERN COLOR PRINTING
  NEW HEROIC COMICS~ (ink/) 1948> 48
 ECLIPSE ENTERPRISES
  XYR (ink/) 1988> 88
 FAWCETT COMICS
  Cartoon / funny animals (pen/ink/) 1951> 51
  Romance (pen/ink/) 1950-51> 50 51
 FEATURE COMICS
  YANK AND DOODLE (ink/) 1945-46> 45 46
 HARVEY COMICS
  THREE ROCKETEERS (ink/) 1966> 66
 HILLMAN PERIODICALS
  Backup feature (pen/ink/) 1948 in AIRBOY> 48
  FLYING FOOL (ink/) 1946> 46
  MICRO- FACE (ink/) 1947> 47
  RACKMAN (ink/) 1947> 47
  SKYWOLF (ink/) 1944-45> 44 45
 HOLYOKE PUBLICATIONS
  Various features (ink/) 1945> 45
 IDEAL PUBLISHING COMPANY
  CAPTAIN AMERICA~ (ink/) 1981 graphic album reprint [with MARVEL]> 81
 LEV GLEASON
  CRIME DOES NOT PAY~ (ink/) 1942> 42
  DAREDEVIL (ink/) 1947> 47
  Western (ink/) 1947> 47
 MAGAZINE ENTERPRISES
  Various features (ink/) 1953-54> 53 54
 MARVEL COMICS
  2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY (ink/) 1976> 76
  AVENGERS (ink/some pen/) 1966/70/71/73> 66 70 71 73
  Backup feature (ink/) 1965 in RAWHIDE KID> 65
  BEAST (ink/) 1972> 72
  BROTHER VOODOO (ink/) 1973> 73
  CAPTAIN AMERICA (ink/) 1943/65-77/81> 43 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 81
  CAPTAIN MARVEL (ink/) 1967/72/75-76> 67 72 75 76
  CAPTAIN WONDER (pen/ink/) 1942-43> 42 43
  CHAMBER OF DARKNESS~ (ink/) 1969> 69
  CHAMPIONS (ink/) 1977> 77
  CONAN (ink/) 1971> 71
  Covers (ink/) 1968-83/87> 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 87
  DAREDEVIL (ink/) 1966-68/73-74> 66 67 68 73 74
  DEFENDERS, THE (ink/) 1972/75/81> 72 75 81
  DOC SAVAGE (ink/) 1973> 73
  DR. DOOM (ink/) 1969/71> 69 71
  DR. STRANGE (ink/) 1971> 71
  FANTASTIC FOUR (ink/) 1967/69-71/74-75/81> 67 69 70 71 74 75 81
  Filler (ink/some pen/) 1976/81> 76 81
  FRANKENSTEIN (ink/) 1974> 74
  GABRIEL (ink/) 1974> 74
  GHOST RIDER (ink/) 1971 western hero> 71
  GHOST RIDER (ink/) 1975 super hero> 75
  GODZILLA (ink/) 1977> 77
  GUNHAWKS, THE (ink/) 1973> 73
  HOWARD THE DUCK (ink/) 1978> 78
  HULK (ink/) 1965-68/72/77/81> 65 66 67 68 72 77 81 68
  HULK (pen/) 1968> 68
  HUMAN TORCH (ink/) 1965> 65
  HUMAN TORCH AND HULK (ink/) 1974> 74
  HUMAN TORCH AND THOR (ink/) 1974> 74
  INHUMANS (ink/) 1972> 72
  IRON MAN (ink/) 1966-68/70-73> 66 67 68 70 71 72 73
  IT, THE LIVING COLOSSUS (ink/) 1972> 72
  JACK FROST (ink/) c1942> 42
  JOURNEY INTO MYSTERY~ (ink/) 1973> 73
  KA-ZAR (ink/) 1971-73> 71 72 73
  KILLRAVEN (ink/) 1973> 73
  LUKE CAGE POWER MAN (ink/) 1976-77> 76 77
  MAN-THING (ink/) 1981> 81
  MAN-WOLF (ink/) 1978> 78
  MILLIE (ink/) early-1960s aka Millie the Model> 60 61 62 63
  MOON KNIGHT (ink/) 1978/81> 78 81
  MORBIUS (ink/) 1974-75> 74 75
  MS. MARVEL (ink/) 1977> 77
  NICK FURY (ink/) 1966-68> 66 67 68
  NOT BRAND ECHH~ (ink/) 1967-68> 67 68
  NOVA (ink/) 1977> 77
  PATSY AND HEDY (ink/) early-1960s> 60 61 62 63
  PATSY WALKER (ink/) 1965> 65
  ROM (ink/) 1981-82> 81 82
  SERGEANT FURY (ink/) 1965> 65
  SILVER SURFER (ink/) 1967> 67
  SPIDER-MAN (ink/) 1971-79/82-83> 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 82 83
  SPIDER-MAN AND BLACK PANTHER (ink/) 1974> 74
  SPIDER-MAN AND CAPTAIN AMERICA (ink/) 1973> 73
  SPIDER-MAN AND DAREDEVIL (ink/) 1974> 74
  SPIDER-MAN AND DR. STRANGE (ink/) 1974> 74
  SPIDER-MAN AND HAWKEYE (ink/) 1974> 74
  SPIDER-MAN AND HULK (ink/) 1974/77> 74 77
  SPIDER-MAN AND HUMAN TORCH (ink/) 1972/73> 72 73
  SPIDER-MAN AND INHUMANS (ink/) 1973> 73
  SPIDER-MAN AND KA-ZAR (ink/) 1974> 74
  SPIDER-MAN AND MR. FANTASTIC (ink/) 1974> 74
  SPIDER-MAN AND WONDER MAN (ink/) 1979> 79
  SPIDER-MAN AND X-MEN (ink/) 1972> 72
  STAR WARS (ink/) 1981> 81
  SUB-MARINER (ink/) 1968/72-73> 68 72 73
  Support (asst art ed/) 1972-74-> 72 73 74 75 76
  TALES OF BARSOOM (ink/) 1978> 78
  TALES OF THE ZOMBIE~ (ink/) c1974> 74
  THING AND CAPTAIN AMERICA (ink/) 1974> 74
  THING AND FANTASTIC FOUR (ink/) 1983> 83
  THING AND HERCULES (ink/) 1978> 78
  THING AND HUMAN TORCH (ink/) 1965> 65
  THING AND NOVA (ink/) 1978> 78
  THING, AVENGERS, HULK, DOC SAMSON, FANTASTIC FOUR, THOR, ALPHA FLIGHT AND X-MEN (ink/) 1982> 82
  THOR (ink/) 1965/81> 65 81
  TWO-GUN KID (ink/) 1965> 65
  WHAT IF NOVA . . . ? (ink/) 1979> 79
  YOUNG ALLIES (ink/) c1943> 43
 SEABOARD COMICS
  COUGAR, THE (ink/) 1975> 75
  Covers (ink/) 1975> 75
  DESTRUCTOR, THE (ink/) 1975> 75
  PHOENIX (ink/) 1975> 75
  TIGER-MAN (ink/) 1975> 75
 SIMON & SCHUSTER
  AMERICA AT WAR: THE BEST OF DC WAR COMICS~ (ink/) 1979 graphic album reprint> 79
  CAPTAIN AMERICA: SENTINEL OF LIBERTY~ (ink/) 1979 graphic album reprint> 79
  SON OF ORIGINS OF MARVEL COMICS~ (ink/) 1975 graphic album reprint with Iron Man> 75
 SKYWALD PUBLISHING COMPANY
  Covers (ink/) 1971> 71
  Horror (pen/ink/) 1972> 72
  NIGHTMARE~ (ink/) 1971> 71
 ST. JOHN PUBLISHING
  Horror (pen/ink/) 1954> 54
  LEATHERNECK JACK (pen/ink/) 1951> 51
  NIGHTMARE~ (ink/) 1954> 54
  STRANGE TERRORS~ (ink/) 1953> 53
 TOWER COMICS
  Covers (ink/) 1966-67> 66 67
  DYNAMO (ink/) 1966> 66
  FIGHT THE ENEMY~ (ink/) 1967> 67
  Filler (ink/) 1966> 66
  GALLIANT WARRIORS (ink/) 1966> 66
  LIGHTNING (ink/) 1966-67> 66 67
  MENTHOR (ink/) 1966-67> 66 67
  NOMAN (ink/) 1966-67 some reprint> 66 67
  SAGA OF THE LUCKY 7 (ink/) 1966> 66
  T.H.U.N.D.E.R. AGENTS (ink/) 1966-67> 66 67
  T.H.U.N.D.E.R. SQUAD (ink/) 1965-66 with reprint '69> 65 66
  THUNDER SQUAD (ink/) 1969 reprint> 69
  UNDERSEA AGENT (ink/) 1966> 66
  ZACK FIGHT OF THE GREEN BERETS (ink/) 1967> 67
 WESTERN PUBLISHING
  JET DREAM (ink/) 1967> 67
  MAN FROM U.N.C.L.E., THE (ink/) c1966-c67> 66 67
  TWILIGHT ZONE, THE~ (ink/) 1962> 62
 ZIFF-DAVIS COMICS
  BILL STERN'S SPORTS BOOK~ (pen/ink/) 1952> 52
  BUDDIES (pen/ink/) 1951-52> 51 52
  FAMOUS STARS~ (pen/ink/) 1952> 52
  G.I. JOE (ink/) c1952> 52
  Horror (ink/some pen/) 1951-52> 51 52
  HOT ROD KING (ink/) 1952> 52
  Romance (pen/ink/) 1951> 51
  Science fantasy (pen/ink/) 1951> 51